Sarabia, Heidy. 2011. “Organizing ‘‘Below and to the Left’’: Differences in the Citizenship and Transnational Practices of TwoZapatista Groups.” Sociological Forum, Vol. 26, No. 2.
This article examines the political transnational practices—that is, both the physical and symbolic border-crossing political practices—of two Zapatista groups. This study seeks to contribute to the existing body of literature on transnationalism and citizenship by focusing on immigrants’ political transnational activities in the global South, as well as transnational activists’ practices in the global North influenced by the global South. I argue that transnational ideological and political influences are bidirectional, that is, influences also flow from the global South to the global North. In addition, I argue that different transnational practices are strongly shaped by structural opportunities and constraints on activists, in this case, by citizenship status and economic class. My arguments are drawn from fieldwork and in-depth interviews conducted in the San Francisco Bay Area with two Zapatista groups, which I name the Localizers and the Globalizers.